Daystar Calcium II K-line Filter - University Series
DayStar is proud to offer Calcium H ( 3969Å ) and two Calcium K-line (3933.7Å ) filtering systems. Traditionally, university research has employed the Calcium K line for studies of Calcium on the Sun. These studies have been instrumental in determining depth of the solar atmosphere. Calcium offers TWO strong absorption lines at 393.3nm and at 396.9nm, known as the K and H lines. Researchers have previously avoided the H line for academic research, as it is very close to the Hydrogen Epsilon line. For purposes of clarity in isolating Calcium, and because imaging sensors offer similar sensitivity to the K as the H lines of Calcium, the K has to date been the target of choice in Calcium filters.
However, as the visual spectrum ends at approximately 400nm, the further we venture below this wavelength, the more difficult it is for observers to visually see the image. The H line for visual observations, is much closer to the visual spectrum and easier to see in high contrast blue color. Some observatories have been imaging in Ca II K line, such as the Dutch Open Telescope image you see here (DayStar 2.0 Å Calcuim K-line filtergrams taken June 8, 1982 with a 125mm aperture telescope at 3000mm prime focus) with outstanding results.
DayStar's new Quantum controls on Calcium II K line are perfectly suited for academic studies in mapping the 3-dimensional structure of the Chromosphere. By controlling wing shift of the Ca II K line filter with precision accurate to 0.1Å, studies can depict intensity differences between the K3, K2 and K1 lines. Observation of the complicated structure of subordinate peaks offer views through different levels in the solar atmosphere.
* Note. Calcium H and K-line filters do not require F/30 configurations. They may be used at F/15 or F/20. They also do not use the same RED or Yellow glass Energy Rejection Prefilter. Rather, we recommend dielectric "hot mirror" UV/IR cut filters introduced prior to focus. Additionally, we suggest an additional neutral density solar film on apertures above 150mm or for long-term dedicated applications.
DayStar Product Number: C2K-U
Until recently, these specialty filters were the domain of scientists only. Since each DayStar Calcium II K-line Filter must be individually produced, they must be pre-ordered and a minimum of 6 months must be allowed to fulfill the order. Please contact our expert sales staff for further ordering information. Thank you!