Get the Most from Comet ISON in Late October

The comet has a fine encounter with a trio of galaxies in Leo as the month closes.

Comet ISON October 8 by Adam Block, Mount Lemmon Sky Center, U of AZ

Although still invisible to the naked eye, Comet ISON (C/2012 S1) is brightening as expected. Amateur telescopes can reveal its tiny head, its growing outer atmosphere that astronomers call the coma, and its lengthening tail. And, as we see here, long-exposure images also show the comet’s greenish color.    -   Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona

The potentially great Comet ISON (C/2012 S1) is still on the upswing. The enigmatic object continues to brighten in the latter half of October. Earlier in the month, it danced with Mars and Regulus, Leo the Lion’s brightest star.

Although that exquisite alignment widens after midmonth, the three objects remain close for the next couple of days. On the 17th, they form a distinct triangle, with ISON 2° northeast of Regulus and Mars a little bit east of a line joining those two.ISON’s tail should grow longer and brighter as the comet nears the Sun and warms up, which generates more gas and dust. Unfortunately, a waxing gibbous Moon returns to the morning sky October 17 and reaches its Full phase one day later.

By the final two weeks of October, ISON is speeding up. The closer it gets to our star, the faster it travels. The comet’s separation from Mars grows from 0.9° on the 17th to nearly 7° by the 31st.

Still, the comet rides quite high in the morning sky. From mid-northern latitudes, the ISON reaches its peak elevation from October 19 to 25. For those seven days, the comet stands 35° above the eastern horizon at the moment twilight begins.

ISON Sky Chart for October - Courtesy Astronomy Magazine

Comet ISON crosses Leo in October, following a similar track to Mars but moving slightly faster. The map shows stars as faint as magnitude 8.7.   -   Astronomy: Roen Kelly

Astronomy magazine Senior Editor Richard Talcott notes, “ISON’s finest encounter in late October is its passage near a trio of bright galaxies.” M95, M96, and M105 huddle near one another in the south-central part of Leo. On the morning of the 25th, the comet passes 1.7° due south of M95. “And although the objects are bright for galaxies,” Talcott says, “they’re still much too faint to see without optical aid, so you’ll need a telescope.”

Three mornings later (October 28), you can’t help but notice that the Moon has returned to the eastern predawn sky. The waning crescent then stands well to the comet’s upper right with Regulus roughly halfway between.

Luna and ISON slide closer to each other on the 29th, but the best scene by far arrives October 30. The Moon then lies 6° south (to the lower right) of the comet. With just 18 percent of the lunar disk lit, its glow shouldn’t detract much from the comet’s beauty, and it may even enhance the setting.

By November 1, the Moon prepares to exit the morning sky and the stage will be set for ISON’s greatest performance. The comet will continue to brighten, peaking on the 28th when ISON reaches its closest approach to our daytime star.

Source:  By Michael E. Bakich, Astronomy Magazine  |  Published: Tuesday, October 15, 2013